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如何做假的问卷调查数据

yearn19
2022-09-02 / 6 评论 / 3 点赞 / 1,977 阅读 / 3,710 字

如何做假的问卷调查数据

作为大学生总会需要做形形色色的调查问卷,有些我们需要真实的数据,有些只是为了应付差事罢了

如果你会用python,这可以用下面的代码快速生成,此方法同样适用于快速生成深度学习所需训练数据

假数据

import random
import time  # 引入time模块
import faker
import xlwt

sex = [1, 2]
age = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
education = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
job = [i for i in range(1, 14)]
ethnic_minorities = [1, 2]  # 少数民族 ethnic minorities
religion = [1, 2]  # 宗教信仰
vegetarian_diet = [1, 2]  # 素食
book_newspaper_magazine = [0, 1]  # (书籍、报纸、期刊)
social_connection_internet_media = [0, 1]  # (社交、互联网媒体)
broadcast_tv = [0, 1]  # (广播、电视)
family_and_friends = [0, 1]  # (亲朋好友介绍)
vegetarian_diet_type = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
nutrition = [1, 2]  # 营养
vegetarian_diet_store = [1, 2]  # 素食店
vegetarian = [1, 2]  # 素食主义者
healthy = [1, 2]  # 健康
one_day_eat_vegetarian_diet = [1, 2]  # 一天吃素食
important = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]  # 重要
environment_important = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]  # 保护环境有多重要
milk = [1, 2, 3, 4]  # 牛奶
meat = [1, 2, 3]  # 肉类
pregnancy = [1, 2, 3, 4]  # 怀孕
lowe_fat = [1, 2, 3]
health_food = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]  # 保健食品
health = [0, 1]  # (预防疾病、促进健康)
keep_diet = [0, 1]  # (减肥塑身)
exercise = [0, 1]  # (提高运动或运动表现)
immune = [0, 1]  # (增强免疫功能)
memory = [0, 1]  # (提高记忆力或注意力)
protection = [0, 1]  # (保护环境,爱护生灵)
religione_influence = [0, 1]  # 宗教信仰的影响
follow = [0, 1]  # 跟风随众
other = [0, 1]  # 其他
incomprehension = [0, 1]  # 家人朋友不理解、不认可或反对
no_eat = [0, 1]  # 每天不知道吃什么
right_restaurant = [0, 1]  # 外出就餐找不到合适的餐厅
less = [0, 1]  # 超市和市场里可选择食材太少
match = [0, 1]  # 不懂得如何进行营养搭配
cook = [0, 1]  # 不知道如何烹饪
awkward = [0, 1]  # 聚餐时比较尴尬,因为其他人吃肉
take_out = [0, 1]  # 外卖
accept = [0, 1]  # 家人朋友的认可和理解
technical = [0, 1]  # 技巧
knowledge = [0, 1]  # 知识
product = [0, 1]  # 产品

head_data = ['序号', '提交答卷时间', '所用时间', '来源', '来源详情', '来自IP',
             '1、您的性别', '2、您的年龄', '3、您的受教育程度', '4、您的工作是', '5、您是否是少数民族',
             '6、您的家庭是否有宗教信仰', '7、您试着了解过素食或尝试过素食', '8、(书籍、报纸、期刊)', '8、(社交、互联网媒体)',
             '8、(广播、电视)', '8、(亲朋好友介绍)', '9、平时您的素食类型', '10、您认为素食可以提供给身体足够的营养吗?',
             '11、如果路过一家素食店,您会去品尝吗?', '12、您会成为一个素食主义者吗?',
             '13、您认为素食主义者比那些非素食主义者更健康吗?', '14、为了环保和健康,需要每周安排一天吃素食,你是否能做到?',
             '15、您觉得吃素对保持健康和幸福有多重要?', '16、您觉得吃素对降低碳排放、保护环境有多重要?',
             '17、您对喝牛奶能补钙怎么看?', '18、您是否认为肉类产品可以补充人体所需的大多数蛋白质成分',
             '19、您认为女性在怀孕期间是否可以坚持吃素吗?', '20、您认为低脂纯素的饮食习惯是慢性疾病的终结者吗?',
             '21、您有吃保健食品吗?', '22、(预防疾病、促进健康)', '22、(减肥塑身)', '22、(提高运动或运动表现)',
             '22、(增强免疫功能)', '22、(提高记忆力或注意力)', '22、(保护环境,爱护生灵)', '22、(宗教信仰的影响)',
             '22、(跟风随众)', '22、(其他)', '23、(家人朋友不理解、不认可或反对)', '23、(每天不知道吃什么)',
             '23、(外出就餐找不到合适的餐厅)', '23、(超市和市场里可选择食材太少)', '23、(不懂得如何进行营养搭配)',
             '23、(不知道如何烹饪)', '23、(聚餐时比较尴尬,因为其他人吃肉)', '23、(单位食堂或外卖很难找到合适的饭菜)',
             '24、(家人朋友的认可和理解)', '24、(掌握更多烹饪技巧,让食物变得美味和丰富)',
             '24、(需要学习更多营养学及中西医知识)', '24、(能买到更多素食专属产品)', '24、(其他)', '总分']
# time_str = time.strftime('%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S', time.localtime(time.time()))  # 打印按指定格式排版的时间
wb = xlwt.Workbook()  # 新建一个 workbook 对象
sheet = wb.add_sheet('sheet')

for head in head_data:
    sheet.write(0, head_data.index(head), head)
    # sheet.write(行, 列, 写入数据)

faker = faker.Faker("zh-CN")
template = "{ipv4}({province}-{city_name})"
for row in range(1, 200):
    sheet.write(row, 0, row)  # 序号
    sheet.write(row, 1, time.strftime('%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S', time.localtime(time.time())))  # 提交答卷时间
    sheet.write(row, 2, str(random.randint(80, 600)) + "秒")  # 所用时间
    sheet.write(row, 3, random.choice(["微信", "QQ"]))  # 所用时间
    sheet.write(row, 4, "N/A")
    sheet.write(row, 5, template.format(ipv4=faker.ipv4(), province=faker.province(), city_name=faker.city_name()))
    sheet.write(row, 6, random.choice(sex))  # 性别
    sheet.write(row, 7, random.choice(age))  # 年龄
    sheet.write(row, 8, random.choice(education))
    sheet.write(row, 9, random.choice(job))
    sheet.write(row, 10, random.choice(ethnic_minorities))
    sheet.write(row, 11, random.choice(religion))
    sheet.write(row, 12, random.choice(vegetarian_diet))
    sheet.write(row, 13, random.choice(book_newspaper_magazine))
    sheet.write(row, 14, random.choice(social_connection_internet_media))
    sheet.write(row, 15, random.choice(broadcast_tv))
    sheet.write(row, 16, random.choice(family_and_friends))
    sheet.write(row, 17, random.choice(vegetarian_diet_type))
    sheet.write(row, 18, random.choice(nutrition))
    sheet.write(row, 19, random.choice(vegetarian_diet_store))
    sheet.write(row, 20, random.choice(vegetarian))
    sheet.write(row, 21, random.choice(healthy))
    sheet.write(row, 22, random.choice(one_day_eat_vegetarian_diet))
    sheet.write(row, 23, random.choice(important))
    sheet.write(row, 24, random.choice(environment_important))
    sheet.write(row, 25, random.choice(milk))
    sheet.write(row, 26, random.choice(meat))
    sheet.write(row, 27, random.choice(pregnancy))
    sheet.write(row, 28, random.choice(lowe_fat))
    sheet.write(row, 29, random.choice(health_food))
    sheet.write(row, 30, random.choice(health))
    sheet.write(row, 31, random.choice(keep_diet))
    sheet.write(row, 32, random.choice(exercise))
    sheet.write(row, 33, random.choice(immune))
    sheet.write(row, 34, random.choice(memory))
    sheet.write(row, 35, random.choice(protection))
    sheet.write(row, 36, random.choice(religione_influence))
    sheet.write(row, 37, random.choice(follow))
    sheet.write(row, 38, random.choice(other))
    sheet.write(row, 39, random.choice(incomprehension))
    sheet.write(row, 40, random.choice(no_eat))
    sheet.write(row, 41, random.choice(right_restaurant))
    sheet.write(row, 42, random.choice(less))
    sheet.write(row, 43, random.choice(match))
    sheet.write(row, 44, random.choice(cook))
    sheet.write(row, 45, random.choice(awkward))
    sheet.write(row, 46, random.choice(take_out))
    sheet.write(row, 47, random.choice(accept))
    sheet.write(row, 48, random.choice(technical))
    sheet.write(row, 49, random.choice(knowledge))
    sheet.write(row, 50, random.choice(product))
    sheet.write(row, 51, random.choice(other))

wb.save("demo200.xls")

import random
import time  # 引入time模块
import faker
import xlwt

sex = [1, 2]
age = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
education = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
job = [i for i in range(1, 14)]
ethnic_minorities = [1, 2]  # 少数民族 ethnic minorities
religion = [1, 2]  # 宗教信仰
vegetarian_diet = [1, 2]  # 素食
book_newspaper_magazine = [0, 1]  # (书籍、报纸、期刊)
social_connection_internet_media = [0, 1]  # (社交、互联网媒体)
broadcast_tv = [0, 1]  # (广播、电视)
family_and_friends = [0, 1]  # (亲朋好友介绍)
vegetarian_diet_type = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]
nutrition = [1, 2]  # 营养
vegetarian_diet_store = [1, 2]  # 素食店
vegetarian = [1, 2]  # 素食主义者
healthy = [1, 2]  # 健康
one_day_eat_vegetarian_diet = [1, 2]  # 一天吃素食
important = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]  # 重要
environment_important = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]  # 保护环境有多重要
milk = [1, 2, 3, 4]  # 牛奶
meat = [1, 2, 3]  # 肉类
pregnancy = [1, 2, 3, 4]  # 怀孕
lowe_fat = [1, 2, 3]
health_food = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]  # 保健食品
health = [0, 1]  # (预防疾病、促进健康)
keep_diet = [0, 1]  # (减肥塑身)
exercise = [0, 1]  # (提高运动或运动表现)
immune = [0, 1]  # (增强免疫功能)
memory = [0, 1]  # (提高记忆力或注意力)
protection = [0, 1]  # (保护环境,爱护生灵)
religione_influence = [0, 1]  # 宗教信仰的影响
follow = [0, 1]  # 跟风随众
other = [0, 1]  # 其他
incomprehension = [0, 1]  # 家人朋友不理解、不认可或反对
no_eat = [0, 1]  # 每天不知道吃什么
right_restaurant = [0, 1]  # 外出就餐找不到合适的餐厅
less = [0, 1]  # 超市和市场里可选择食材太少
match = [0, 1]  # 不懂得如何进行营养搭配
cook = [0, 1]  # 不知道如何烹饪
awkward = [0, 1]  # 聚餐时比较尴尬,因为其他人吃肉
take_out = [0, 1]  # 外卖
accept = [0, 1]  # 家人朋友的认可和理解
technical = [0, 1]  # 技巧
knowledge = [0, 1]  # 知识
product = [0, 1]  # 产品

head_data = ['序号', '提交答卷时间', '所用时间', '来源', '来源详情', '来自IP',
             '1、您的性别', '2、您的年龄', '3、您的受教育程度', '4、您的工作是', '5、您是否是少数民族',
             '6、您的家庭是否有宗教信仰', '7、您试着了解过素食或尝试过素食', '8、(书籍、报纸、期刊)', '8、(社交、互联网媒体)',
             '8、(广播、电视)', '8、(亲朋好友介绍)', '9、平时您的素食类型', '10、您认为素食可以提供给身体足够的营养吗?',
             '11、如果路过一家素食店,您会去品尝吗?', '12、您会成为一个素食主义者吗?',
             '13、您认为素食主义者比那些非素食主义者更健康吗?', '14、为了环保和健康,需要每周安排一天吃素食,你是否能做到?',
             '15、您觉得吃素对保持健康和幸福有多重要?', '16、您觉得吃素对降低碳排放、保护环境有多重要?',
             '17、您对喝牛奶能补钙怎么看?', '18、您是否认为肉类产品可以补充人体所需的大多数蛋白质成分',
             '19、您认为女性在怀孕期间是否可以坚持吃素吗?', '20、您认为低脂纯素的饮食习惯是慢性疾病的终结者吗?',
             '21、您有吃保健食品吗?', '22、(预防疾病、促进健康)', '22、(减肥塑身)', '22、(提高运动或运动表现)',
             '22、(增强免疫功能)', '22、(提高记忆力或注意力)', '22、(保护环境,爱护生灵)', '22、(宗教信仰的影响)',
             '22、(跟风随众)', '22、(其他)', '23、(家人朋友不理解、不认可或反对)', '23、(每天不知道吃什么)',
             '23、(外出就餐找不到合适的餐厅)', '23、(超市和市场里可选择食材太少)', '23、(不懂得如何进行营养搭配)',
             '23、(不知道如何烹饪)', '23、(聚餐时比较尴尬,因为其他人吃肉)', '23、(单位食堂或外卖很难找到合适的饭菜)',
             '24、(家人朋友的认可和理解)', '24、(掌握更多烹饪技巧,让食物变得美味和丰富)',
             '24、(需要学习更多营养学及中西医知识)', '24、(能买到更多素食专属产品)', '24、(其他)', '总分']
# time_str = time.strftime('%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S', time.localtime(time.time()))  # 打印按指定格式排版的时间
wb = xlwt.Workbook()  # 新建一个 workbook 对象
sheet = wb.add_sheet('sheet')

for head in head_data:
    sheet.write(0, head_data.index(head), head)
    # sheet.write(行, 列, 写入数据)

faker = faker.Faker("zh-CN")
template = "{ipv4}({province}-{city_name})"
for row in range(1, 200):
    sheet.write(row, 0, row)  # 序号
    sheet.write(row, 1, time.strftime('%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S', time.localtime(time.time())))  # 提交答卷时间
    sheet.write(row, 2, str(random.randint(80, 600)) + "秒")  # 所用时间
    sheet.write(row, 3, random.choice(["微信", "QQ"]))  # 所用时间
    sheet.write(row, 4, "N/A")
    sheet.write(row, 5, template.format(ipv4=faker.ipv4(), province=faker.province(), city_name=faker.city_name()))
    sheet.write(row, 6, random.choice(sex))  # 性别
    sheet.write(row, 7, random.choice(age))  # 年龄
    sheet.write(row, 8, random.choice(education))
    sheet.write(row, 9, random.choice(job))
    sheet.write(row, 10, random.choice(ethnic_minorities))
    sheet.write(row, 11, random.choice(religion))
    sheet.write(row, 12, random.choice(vegetarian_diet))
    sheet.write(row, 13, random.choice(book_newspaper_magazine))
    sheet.write(row, 14, random.choice(social_connection_internet_media))
    sheet.write(row, 15, random.choice(broadcast_tv))
    sheet.write(row, 16, random.choice(family_and_friends))
    sheet.write(row, 17, random.choice(vegetarian_diet_type))
    sheet.write(row, 18, random.choice(nutrition))
    sheet.write(row, 19, random.choice(vegetarian_diet_store))
    sheet.write(row, 20, random.choice(vegetarian))
    sheet.write(row, 21, random.choice(healthy))
    sheet.write(row, 22, random.choice(one_day_eat_vegetarian_diet))
    im23 = random.choice(important)
    sheet.write(row, 23, im23)
    im24 = random.choice(environment_important)
    sheet.write(row, 24, im24)
    sheet.write(row, 25, random.choice(milk))
    sheet.write(row, 26, random.choice(meat))
    sheet.write(row, 27, random.choice(pregnancy))
    sheet.write(row, 28, random.choice(lowe_fat))
    sheet.write(row, 29, random.choice(health_food))
    sheet.write(row, 30, random.choice(health))
    sheet.write(row, 31, random.choice(keep_diet))
    sheet.write(row, 32, random.choice(exercise))
    sheet.write(row, 33, random.choice(immune))
    sheet.write(row, 34, random.choice(memory))
    sheet.write(row, 35, random.choice(protection))
    sheet.write(row, 36, random.choice(religione_influence))
    sheet.write(row, 37, random.choice(follow))
    sheet.write(row, 38, random.choice(other))
    sheet.write(row, 39, random.choice(incomprehension))
    sheet.write(row, 40, random.choice(no_eat))
    sheet.write(row, 41, random.choice(right_restaurant))
    sheet.write(row, 42, random.choice(less))
    sheet.write(row, 43, random.choice(match))
    sheet.write(row, 44, random.choice(cook))
    sheet.write(row, 45, random.choice(awkward))
    sheet.write(row, 46, random.choice(take_out))
    sheet.write(row, 47, random.choice(accept))
    sheet.write(row, 48, random.choice(technical))
    sheet.write(row, 49, random.choice(knowledge))
    sheet.write(row, 50, random.choice(product))
    sheet.write(row, 51, random.choice(other))
    sheet.write(row, 52, im23 + im24)

wb.save("demo300.xls")

拿去运行一下就知道怎么用了

代码中生成“ip地址+省+市”的时候会出现省和市不必配的情况,建议只用省或者市,用省的话有可能出现大量的香港澳门等特别行政区,所以建议用ip+市

正常生成的数据都是概率相等,想要改变简单的办法就是在sex age education等这样的数据填写选项中改变各候选项比例,如 sex=[ 1 , 1 , 1 , 2 ]

原文地址:
https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/556567795

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